Sunday, 20 April 2014

Direct and Indirect Object

Direct & Indirect Object

In a sentence, the subject and verb may be followed by an object. An object is a noun or
pronoun that gives meaning to the subject and verb of the sentence. Not all sentences
contain objects, but some may contain one or more. 

There are two kinds of objects within a
sentence: direct and indirect objects.

I. A direct object is a noun or pronoun that receives the action of a verb.

Daniel fixes computers.
  •  computers=direct object

Try this technique when determining the location of the direct object in the above

1) First locate the subject and verb in the sentence. The subject in the above sentence
is “Daniel” and the verb is “fixes.”
2) Now ask yourself the questions What? or Whom? about the verb “fixes.”
3) What does the subject, Daniel, fix? Daniel fixes computers.

II. Sometimes a direct object is followed by an indirect object. 

An indirect object is the noun or pronoun for which the action is done.

 Daniel fixes computers for his family.

  • his family=indirect object

1) First locate the subject (Daniel) and the verb (fixes).
2) Now ask yourself the questions To Whom? To What? For Whom? or For What? about
the subject and verb.
3) For whom does the subject, Daniel, fix computers? Daniel fixes computers for his family.

**An indirect object may also come before the direct object.

Susan gave me her notes. (To whom did Susan give her notes? me)

 indirect object

salam sayang

Object complement

What Is an Object Complement?

An object complement is a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective which follows a direct object to rename it or state what it has become.

Verbs of making (e.g., to make, to create) or naming (e.g., to name, to call, to elect) often attract an object complement. In the examples below, the object complements are shaded and the direct objects are in bold.
Ø  To make her happy
Ø  To name her Heidi
However, lots of verbs can take an object complement. For example:
Ø  To consider someone stupid
Ø  To paint something purple
Ø  To catch somebody stealing
Examples of Object Complements

Ø  I found the guard sleeping.

Ø  We all consider her unworthy.

Ø  I declare this centre open.

Ø  We consider fish spoiled once it smells like what it is.

·        To obtain a man's opinion of you, make him mad. (Oliver Wendell Holmes, 1809-1894)
An object complement is not always one word. It could be a phrase. For example:
Ø  I found the guard sleeping in the barn.

Ø  We all consider her unworthy of the position.

salam sayang