Friday, 9 May 2014

Types of clauses (all are dependent clauses)

Hye friends!...Now I want to elaborate more on dependent clauses.. Generally dependent clauses consist of 4 types including noun clauses, relative/adjective clauses, adverbial clauses and finite & non-finite clauses.

Noun clauses

How to identify noun clauses? there are four markers or hint to identify noun phrase.

1. ... a questioned word:

  • where he lives
  • what one says
  • who the man is
2. ... "whether" of "if"
  • whether she will stay
  • if she will stay
3. ...a question word + TO infinitives
  • what to say
  • where to meet
4. ..."that"
  • It is proven that he is innocent
# the noun clauses act as a subject or an object of a sentence. (not a modifier of noun which is relative clause)

Relative clause

A relative clause—also called adjective or adjectival clause.
•We use relative clauses to give extra information about something. We can get more information into a sentence without the need to start a new one.
•There are two types of relative clausesdefining and non-defining

i. defining
The purpose of a defining relative clause is to clearly define who or what we are talking about. Without this information, it would be difficult to know who or what is meant.
ii. non-defining
Non-defining relative clauses provide interesting additional information which is not essential to understanding the meaning of the sentence.

Adverbial clause

Adverbial clauses are clauses that function as adverbs.
Adverbial clauses  provide information about when, why, or how something

Finite clauses

Actually all types of clauses that we have discussed is a finite clauses. They are
noun clauses, relative clauses and adverbial clauses but finite clauses can be
either independent of dependent clauses. It contain subject and verbs marked for
person, number and tense.

I visited the school that Johan built.

> I visited the school = independent finite clauses
> that Johan built = dependent finite clause, relative clause

Non-finite clauses

Non-finite clause is a dependent clause whose verb is non-finite. The nonfinite verb forms found in English are infinitives, bare infinitivesparticiples and gerunds.

For more information, you can click here.

salam sayang

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